In an effort to restore public trust, all of Texas’ Catholic dioceses will release the names of clergy who have been “credibly accused” of sexually abusing minors, stemming back at least to 1950, the Texas Catholic Conference of Bishops announced Wednesday.

That list, set for release in January 2019, is an important measure of “accountability and transparency,” Archbishop Gustavo García-Siller, archdiocese of San Antonio, said in an interview.

“Even though it will be painful, we believe that to bring this awareness will give [survivors] hope,” he said. “We hope that if some victims have not come forward, they will come forward. … And we believe it’s the right thing to do.”

The months between now and January give survivors time to report abuse, and give the church the time to vet further accusations. Officials could not say yet how many names the list is expected to include.

The step marks the most significant yet from the Catholic establishment in Texas, as states across the country reckon with sexual abuse in churches. An August grand jury report in Pennsylvania found abuse of more than 1,000 victims from more than 300 priests over a period of 70 years. In the weeks following that report’s release, attorneys general in a half-dozen states announced they would launch similar investigations into sex abuse by Catholic priests.

There have been calls for Texas to take similar steps, but the archbishop would not say whether he invites such a measure in Texas, saying only “we think that what we are doing is what we should do.” Catholic leadership reached the decision Sept. 30.

There are 8.5 million Catholics, 1,320 Catholic parishes, and 4,000 members of the clergy in Texas – making compiling the list a tall order.

Still, it’s not clear that even this list will capture the scope of the problem in Texas. According to diocesan policies, clergy who are “credibly accused” of sexual abuse are removed from their ministries – so January’s list may not reveal much new information.

García-Siller said church investigations of alleged abuse include anyone who could have been involved. But the January list will include clergy members who are accused of committing abuse, not clergy members accused of enabling that abuse or covering it up.

It’s also not clear what constitutes a “credible accusation” of abuse, and that definition may vary from diocese to diocese.

All abuse allegations reported to the church are referred to local authorities, Catholic officials said.

In some regions of the state, the names on the list will not be new. The Diocese of Fort Worth started publishing such a list online in 2007. Today, the list contains 15 priests, one permanent deacon and one religious brother, according to Reverend Michael Olson, the bishop of Fort Worth, who wrote about the plans Wednesday in a letter to the local Catholic community. He described the decision of other Catholic bishops to also publish names of its accused priests as “encouraging.”

Olson added that in Fort Worth, the standard used for vetting accusations “is a lesser standard than that required by our civil or criminal legal systems.”

Emma Platoff covers the law and its intersections with politics for the Texas Tribune, where she started as a fellow in 2017. A graduate of Yale University, Emma is the former managing editor of the Yale...