The University of Texas System is implementing an across-the-board tuition increase of 2.6 percent for its eight campuses for the next two years.

The increase, announced Thursday by the system Board of Regents, matches the rate of higher education inflation and is intended to rein in tuition hikes for students burdened by increasing costs. But the 2.6 percent rate means UT system students across the state will likely pay hundreds of dollars more in 2020 and 2021 and some campuses, like the University of Texas at Austin, will see their tuition increase at a faster clip than previous years.

At most UT institutions, tuition grew between 3 percent and 8 percent in each of the last two years.

The Texas A&M University System approved an identical rate increase to the one passed Thursday by the UT System for its institutions in October.

Tuition and fees at the UT flagship were around $10,600 for in-state undergraduates in 2018, and $11,300 at Texas A&M University, according to data from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

Student regent Daniel Dominguez, who holds a nonvoting position on the board, told regents Thursday he could not support the increase.

“I very much understand the needs of the schools, I very much understand the strategic priorities that they are putting forward to this board. But let’s not forget the point of view of the student,” he said. “A lot of students are already struggling to pay for their education.”

University officials have argued tuition increases are necessary to keep pace with inflation, recruit and retain employees, and offset declining state support. UT System records from 2018 show state funding for its campuses decreased from about $8,000 per full-time student, adjusted for inflation, to around $6,000 between 2002 and 2016. The tuition and fees paid for by UT students and their parents crept up from about $5,000 to $8,000 during that time.

Not all UT schools have been increasing their tuition and fees by more than 2.6 percent a year.

In-state UT-Austin students saw their tuition go up by $200 in both the 2018 and 2019 academic years – annual increases of 2 percent. The University of Texas at San Antonio increased tuition by 0.1 percent in 2018 and 2.6 percent in 2019, increasing costs for undergraduates by $260 over that time.

But tuition at most UT institutions grew between 3 percent and 8.5 percent in each of the last two years, with some in-state students facing annual increases of more than $500. Across the state, public universities grew their tuition by 4.5 percent, on average, between 2017 and 2018, according to data from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

The regents’ statement Thursday comes four months after the board announced it would help fully cover tuition for UT-Austin students whose families earn $65,000 or less a year starting in 2020. School officials have estimated a quarter of their in-state undergraduates – 8,600 students – would have their tuition fully paid for under the new plan.

Texas A&M University has had a similar program since 2011, and the University of Texas at Rio Grande Valley also plans to cover tuition and fees for qualifying students with household incomes under $75,000 starting next academic year.

The tuition increase wouldn’t hit low-income students covered by those plans, said board chairman Kevin Eltife, but would be felt by middle- and upper-income students.

“It’s a balancing act. It’s never easy. We take it extremely serious at this board because we know that $20 a month more to anybody, to some of these families, is a lot of money,” said Eltife, a former state senator. “Every member of this board does hand-wringing over tuition increases. I know because I’ve talked to every one of the board members. No one — the chancellor, the system staff, and our presidents – no one takes it lightly. But we have to do what we have to do to keep quality education in our institutions.”

He said the system is working with each campus to create a five-year financial plan “so we can see the financial needs and we can do a better job of forecasting and looking at the tuition needs.”

In-state tuition for public universities in Texas is around the median nationwide, according to data from the College Board.

Students also pay for textbooks, room and board, transportation and other costs associated with attending college, which can exceed the cost of tuition.

Texas lawmakers set tuition rates until 2003, when they turned the process over to university regents. The average tuition and fees charged by Texas’ four-year universities doubled in the 15 years that followed, while state appropriations declined by 26 percent, according to inflation-adjusted numbers.

Lawmakers have regularly tried to limit or slow tuition increases.

Coordinating Board data shows around 50 percent of Texas undergraduates left college with debt in 2017.

Shannon Najmabadi, The Texas Tribune

Shannon Najmabadi is the higher education reporter at the Tribune, where she started as a fellow in 2017. She previously reported for the Chronicle of Higher Education, where she covered the gender equity...