Gov. Greg Abbott issued an executive order Tuesday banning governmental entities in Texas – like cities and counties – from requiring masks to fight against the coronavirus pandemic. The order also says that after June 4, public schools will no longer be able to mandate masks on their campuses.

Starting Friday, any governmental entity that tries to impose a mask mandate can face a fine of up to $1,000, according to the order. The order exempts state-supported living centers, government-owned or operated hospitals, Texas Department of Criminal Justice facilities, Texas Juvenile Justice Department facilities, and county and municipal jails.

The order is arguably the most consequential for public schools. After Abbott ended the statewide mask requirement in early March, school systems were allowed to continue their own mask-wearing policies unchanged. But after June 4 now, “no student, teacher, parent, or other staff member or visitor may be required to wear a face covering,” according to Abbott’s new order. The vast majority of children are unvaccinated. Only the Pfizer vaccine was recently authorized for children as young as 12.

The order comes roughly two and a half months after Abbott lifted the statewide mask mandate. Despite dire warnings about the potential impact of that decision, key pandemic metrics in Texas have not spiked since then and have gone down in most cases. On Sunday, the state health department recorded its first day without reporting a COVID-19 death in over a year.

“The Lone Star State continues to defeat COVID-19 through the use of widely-available vaccines, antibody therapeutic drugs, and safe practices utilized by Texans in our communities,” Abbott said in a statement on his latest order. “We can continue to mitigate COVID-19 while defending Texans’ liberty to choose whether or not they mask up.”

This article originally appeared in The Texas Tribune, a nonpartisan, nonprofit media organization that informs Texans – and engages with them – about public policy, politics, government and statewide issues.

Patrick Svitek, The Texas Tribune

Patrick Svitek is the primary political correspondent for The Texas Tribune and editor of The Blast, the Tribune's subscription-only daily newsletter for political insiders.