The flu season will quickly descend upon San Antonio and collide with the COVID-19 pandemic, and we must do our best to prepare. To do this, everyone who is able to get a flu shot must do so. In doing so, we can come together as a team to help our entire community.
Influenza viruses spread in the United States every year from the late fall through early spring. While most infected people recover without serious complications, flu infections can be associated with serious illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths, particularly among older adults, very young children, pregnant women, and persons of all ages with certain chronic medical conditions.
As a family medicine physician in San Antonio, I have seen illness cause fear, psychological distress, and financial hardship among patients. Illness can also impact friends, close contacts, and loved ones. This is typically magnified during flu season. The COVID-19 pandemic adds another factor to consider: the flu and COVID-19 can cause similar symptoms.
Like COVID-19, the flu can present with fever, cough, and shortness of breath. This year, patients who go to clinics, emergency rooms, and hospitals with these symptoms may be evaluated for COVID-19 and the flu. Therefore, we should expect COVID-19 safety precautions to be applied even in situations when we think we have the flu. These precautions are necessary to keep both patients and medical staff safe.
The flu vaccine can reduce symptoms that might be confused with those of COVID-19. In addition, the flu vaccine can decrease the severity of the illness, reduce hospitalizations, protect pregnant women, and save lives of children and adults.
During the 2018-2019 flu season, the United States vaccination rate was 49.2 percent. During that same period, Texas’ vaccination rate was 47.9 percent.
We can do better than this, and this is an important time in our history to do so.
Here are four things we can do to prepare our community:
Call your Primary Care Physician (PCP) and schedule a time to get your annual flu shot. Flu shots are safe for those who do not have true medical contraindications. Many PCP offices carry flu shots to give to patients, and they will start receiving them from suppliers soon. Many offices will have flu shot clinics where patients can walk in or schedule an appointment to get flu shots. If you do not have a PCP, find one who is right for you.
Engage your friends and community. The more people who are vaccinated, the less likely it is for this contagious disease to be transmitted to others. This is called herd immunity. Remind friends, family, and community members that, even though they may not be in one of the high-risk groups, getting vaccinated prevents them from getting the flu and transmitting it to someone else who may be more vulnerable.
Follow current recommendations regarding COVID-19. The same actions that protect us and others from COVID-19 (mask wearing, hand washing, social distancing) will protect us also from the flu. Continue to follow guidance from medical leaders around these mitigation strategies.
Get evaluated by the appropriate person if you feel sick. Call your physician and get evaluated either in person or via telemedicine. Physicians will follow U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and health department guidance on COVID-19 and flu testing if your assessment requires it. Your symptoms can often be diagnosed and treated without a trip to the emergency room or hospital.
Last flu season, the CDC estimated that between 39 million and 56 million individuals had a flu infection and that there were between 24,000 and 62,000 flu-related deaths. Bexar County saw about 400 flu-related deaths during the 2019-2020 flu season, according to the Bexar County Influenza Surveillance Report. At the time of this writing, San Antonio has reported more than 45,000 cases of COVID-19 and more than 700 COVID-19 related deaths. Each of these data points represents the life of a human being. We should strive to prevent such loss and suffering at every opportunity.
I have seen illness stress our health system and our community, but I have also seen how illness can bring people together and remind us that we are all on the same team. As a team, we must recognize how playing our own small parts can contribute to grand success. Helping to increase our community’s flu shot rate by getting a flu shot and encouraging your friends to do the same can help our team. We can and must do this together because our lives and well-being depend on it.